Varicose Veins: Causes, Treatments & Related Facts

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged, or swollen, dark blue veins commonly seen on the back side of the legs, or anywhere on the thighs or hands.

These veins may not indicate a serious threat in the initial stage, but they require treatment for medical reasons

They are painless in the beginning, but may pose as a potential threat (severe varicose veins)

Varicose Veins may worsen with time and become extremely swollen, painful and also rupture

20% of adults have been diagnosed with varicose veins that require treatment

What you need to Know

  • Varicose veins completely differ from spider veins with the latter being smaller in size
  • Varicose veins can appear during pregnancy due to the increased pressure during blood pumping from the legs
  • Obese individuals also fall as victims to varicose veins
  • They highly occur in working males and females

Who is at Risk of Varicose Veins

  • Adults aged 50 and above
  • Pregnant women
  • Obese people
  • Prolonged standing or sitting
  • Genetics
  • Any individual can become a victim

Causes of Varicose Veins

Faulty valves in the veins are blamed for varicose veins since they cause an improper flow of the blood.

Explanation-
The veins are made up of valves that control blood flow in only one direction. Once the walls of the veins are injured or stretched, more pressure is built up which will affect the veins rendering them to become weaker.

As a result, there will be backward or improper flow of blood, causing the veins to enlarge.

Signs & Symptoms of Varicose Veins

  • Twisted and bulging veins
  • Itching
  • Spider veins
  • Blue or dark purple veins
  • Leg cramps when trying to stand up
  • Stasis dermatitis

Available Varicose Veins Treatment

There is a wide range of Varicose veins treatment beginning with personal treatments to professionalised Varicose Veins Treatment in India.
Clinical treatments

Sclerotherapy
A specialized chemical is injected into the patient’s medium-sized varicose veins which cause the veins to scar and then eventually heal them. More injections may be required

Endovenous Laser Treatment
It is a complicated and lengthy process performed under local anesthesia, but in simple words, a catheter is carefully fixed into the patient’s vein and with the help of an ultrasound, a laser is introduced via the catheter, which will deliver moderated energy to heat and seal the vein

Surgery
A surgery is recommended in the case of large varicose veins. The surgery is performed under local anesthesia and during the process, the surgeon will remove the enlarged veins. A patient may be discharged on the same day

Radiofrequency Ablation
Similar to the laser method, an Ultrasound is used to thread a catheter into the vein after a small incision is made above or under the knee. The surgeon will then insert a probe into the catheter, which emits radiofrequency energy to heat the vein and later, the walls will collapse. The vein is at the end, aesthetically closed and sealed

It is performed under local anesthesia and an option in the case of large veins

Ligation and Stripping
In this method, two incisions are made; one at the top of the target vein (patient’s groin) and the other down on the leg. The top of the vein is tied and sealed. A thin and flexible wire is threaded through the bottom of the vein and pulled out while taking the vein with it.

Compression stockings are worn during the recovery time and a patient may need hospitalization for a few days. Complications include Deep Vein Thrombosis.

Compression Stockings
These works by tightening one’s legs, but targeting the veins. These specialized stockings improve blood circulation and flow towards the heart.
They may also relieve pain, swelling among others

Transilluminated Powered Phlebectomy
It is performed under general anesthesia and during the process, an incision is made under the skin and an endoscopic transilluminator is threaded through the incision. The surgeon will then get access to the targeted vein, thereby removing it

Varicose Veins Treatment Cost in Punjab

Seeking varicose veins treatment will first require diagnostic procedures which may include;
Color Duplex Ultrasound scan or a Doppler Test. The Varicose Veins Treatment Cost in Sirhind is usually determined by the best type of treatment selected to effectively eliminate the varicose veins. Proper follow-up is necessary