Burn Scars, Contracture & Treatment

Burns are common injuries that anyone can acquire from home or workplace. Extreme burns may result in death if not quickly attended to, but the most common effects of burns are tissue damage, immense pain, and severe discomfort.

Usually, home burns occur when you accidentally touch something hot, when boiling water splits on your skin, a baby grabbing a hot cup of tea, accidents in the kitchen and so.

Workmen may also get injuries that result in burns and this is one of the leading causes of deaths in factories, building sites and so on

Other Causes of Burns

  • Radiation, Electricals, and Light- Ultraviolet light, high voltage electric current or intense light
  • Chemicals- dangerous chemicals like strong acids or alkalis may
  • Thermal- These normally occur in homes like exposure to flames, steam, hot liquids, and hot objects

Scars that Occur Due to Burns

Keloid Scars
These grow beyond the affected region (wound) and they are shiny, hairless bumps, thick and itchy.

Hypertrophic scars
They do not exceed the wound region, they are usually warm, and raised

Contractures
These types of scars occur in case of excessive burn damage and may cause deformities and lifetime damage.

What to know about Burns and Contractures

In case of an injury from a burn, the body tries to repair its self and this happens by growing and replacing the damaged layer of the skin. Usually, deeper burns may cause the tissue in the wound region to dehydrate and contract which leads to the formation of contractures. Burns lead to the formation of scars depending on the degree of the burn

A contracture is a condition where the muscles, tissue or tendons tighten or harden which may lead to deformity or rigidity of joints. This is because the damaged part of the body tries to pull the healthy surrounding region to replace or heal the damaged part.

Extreme burns may result in deformities

Some scars fade with time while others will require treatment, especially third-degree burns

Types of Burns

First Degree Buns
These cause damage to the outermost layer of the skin (epidermis), cause redness, slight pain and discomfort. They may not form scars and heal quickly

Second Degree Burns
Also known as partial thickness burns, they are painful, cause blistering, and damage the dermis layer. They may take a long period of time to heal

Third Degree Burns
Full thickness burns may damage the tendons and the bones, cause pain, may damage the nerves, cause skin changes, and so on. These always require burn scar treatment in Sirhind, Punjab to control their effects.

Burn Scars & Contractures Treatment in India

Laser Surgery
Lasers are used to flatten, smoothen and remove abnormal discoloration of the underlying skin of the scar

Surgery
Keloid tissue may be surgically removed and a skin graft is used to restore the area. This takes the form of melanocyte implantation.

Tissue Exposure
The skin flap surgery may be used with tissue exposure whereby the existing tissue is increased for reconstructive purposes

Skin Grafting
In this, the damaged region is prepared and a healthy skin is extracted from another region and then replaced on the burn region

Dermabrasion
In this procedure, the damaged superficial layer is stripped or shaved thereby smoothening the scar region

Skin Flap Surgery
In this, the skin, blood vessels, fat and or the muscles are extracted from the healthy part of the skin and replaced on the injured region

Complications from Burns

  • Infections
  • Contractures
  • Dehydration
  • Tissue and muscle damage
  • Psychological torture
  • Low Body Temperature

See a doctor as soon as the burn scar worsens with time. Burn Scar Treatment Cost in India depends on the type of treatment selected, but our centre provides completely affordable burn scar treatments.